What is this Tool?
Home visits involve meeting face to face with people at their homes. The visits usually last from ten minutes to two hours, depending on what needs to be covered, and can be conducted by volunteers, contractors or staff.
Why Would You Use It?
- Because visits to people's homes are very direct - so you can identify problems, deal with them immediately, and customize your instructions or persuasive messages for the particular circumstances and concerns of the householder.
When Would You Use It?
Use home visits when you want to:
- get conservation devices installed - many programs that provided these devices without installation found that the products were never used or were installed improperly
- ensure that devices previously given to residents have been installed correctly and to make any necessary adjustments
- personally help people overcome key barriers that might otherwise prevent them from taking action
- provide assistance tailored to each resident's particular circumstances
- sample a product and how it is used, or personally demonstrate how to do an activity - this can increase the likelihood that your recommendations are adopted
- obtain the resident's agreement to carry out an activity
The main example used is ReCAP, a home visit service initiated in 1993 as part of Ontario's Green Communities initiative.
How Would You Use It?
ReCAP's Home Advisors received the standard 10-day training course that the Ontario Government provided to each new Green Community. They devoted 1 1/2 days to learning and practising social marketing skills.
The Montreal Dietary Dispensarys counselors received intensive training followed by months of supervision.
Tip: Training materials are available from the Green Communities Association (see the ReCAP case study).
What training will you provide?
Opower’s clients used regular home energy reports to promote their home energy audits. The company offered a $100 home energy audit that included a blower door test and infrared thermal imaging of the home.
North Shore Recycling’s compost coaches filled in their availability through the office database, which was instantly visible on a public online calendar. Residents booked coaching sessions online or by phone.
Smart Trips Welcome sent three staggered mail-outs to inform new residents about the program, with ordered materials to be delivered to their homes by bicycle within two to three weeks.
The Montreal Dietary Dispensary offered an initial home visit to clients who due to physical, financial, emotional or other circumstances were considered to be at particularly high risk.
Tip: If you are going to ask people to spend a significant amount of time or money, have them request the visits.
Tip: See Table 1 below.
The Rossland Energy Diet bundled free energy assessments with free energy efficiency products to encourage uptake of assessments.
Smart Trips Welcome asked new residents to order from a variety of incentives and free support materials, which were then packaged in tote bags and delivered to their homes by bicycle within two to three weeks.
To motivate clients to feed and care for their baby before birth, the Montreal Dietary Dispensary emphasized the idea of a fetus as an individual with real needs ones only the mother was in a position to provide. Women were taught that they were eating to feed their unborn babies, as well as themselves. A developing babys special needs for growth, the "building of a baby", was compared to the "building of a house" requiring the intake of nutrients as building blocks for the child.
ReCAP linked its recommendations to each householder's motivators. Advisors listened carefully to a householder's remarks, both during the initial interview and throughout the home visit, and identified clues that suggested where their interests lay. For example, if a householder expressed interest in gardening, or a well-maintained garden was noted, advisors would stress garden-related recommendations (e.g., using native plants, planting shade trees, composting).
Smart Trips Welcome delivered orders by bicycle so new residents could speak with a transportation expert face-to-face. A phone call to all participants was made approximately two weeks after delivery of the materials, giving participants the chance to ask questions and for program staff to provide support and encouragement.
During the home visit, the Montreal Dietary Dispensary's counselors assessed each clients living conditions (e.g. food stocks, cooking facilities) and used this information to tailor a dietary intervention. To minimize resistance to making changes to ingrained eating habits, diets were designed to introduce as few changes as possible.
ReCAP's Home Advisors installed a number of conservation devices free of charge -overcoming a number of potential barriers including lack of time, confidence, knowledge and money. Furthermore, when they encountered residents who were concerned about the up-front costs of a recommendation, they offered EnviroLoans at lower than average interest rates.
Water Efficient Durham gave homeowners rain gauges, reminder tags and educational literature.
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A staff person installs weather-stripping in the Okanagan First Nations Community Project (BC21 PowerSmart).